Does My Annapolis Basement Need Them?
A finished basement can be one of the simplest ways to add additional space to your Annapolis home. It can be an a good area for bedrooms, a family room or a playroom.
As you get ready for your basement remodeling project, take into account that you may need to add larger windows. Egress windows are large openings that give an escape route in an emergency. They can also add more natural light and make your basement feel more appealing.
Basement bedrooms and living spaces need to have egress windows. Living spaces can be offices, TV rooms or workshops. This requirement also applies to unfinished basements.
Why Are Egress Windows Important?
Basement fires are common, with firefighters handling about 6,500 of them in the U.S. each year.
You don’t have much time to get out when there’s a house fire. It can become deadly in only 2 minutes and overtake a home within 5 minutes, according to the National Fire Protection Association.
When you only have minutes to escape, correctly sized egress windows are a critical altermative exit.
Basement Windows in Older Homes May Be Too Small
Basements in older homes were not intended to be sleeping or living areas. This is especially true for homes constructed before World War II.
Homeowners back then used this kind of basement for utility space, laundry and storage.
Depending on its age, your home may have preceded up-to-date egress window requirements. Or it may have windows with a tinier opening.
If you live in an older home, there’s a good possibility it has skinny windows in the basement. Also known as hopper windows, these above-ground windows open inward to circulate fresh air.
But these windows are small—too small for an adult or fully-outfitted first responder to enter through.
How to Measure Your Basement Windows
Uncertain if your current basement windows meet present-day requirements? All you need is a tape measure.
- Open the window completely.
- Measure the width and height of the opening.
- Multiply the width by the height.
Is your measurement equal to the required 821 square inches—or 5.7 square feet? If not, you need to have taller and wider windows installed.
Requirements for Egress Windows in Basements
Building codes mandate the size of basement windows. This allows for a fast exit in an emergency.
According to the International Residential Code, basement windows must have:
- An opening width of at least 20 inches.
- An opening height of at least 24 inches.
- A net clear opening of at least 821 square inches—or 5.7 square feet.
- A sill no more than 44 inches off the floor.
What if My Basement Windows are Below Ground Level?
If your basement windows are below ground level, you will need to have a well dug underneath the window frame. This well should be at least 36 inches wide and 36 inches long. If the well is more than 44 inches deep, it will need a permanent ladder or steps.
Using timber or concrete blocks in the well makes it easy to install steps. Plus, you can incorporate a couple small landscaping features, like crushed rock or potted plant.
It's all right for basement windows to be under a deck or porch. But there must be enough clearance for an average-sized adult to get out.
There should be at least 36 inches between the top of the window well and the bottom of the deck or porch joists.
Other Requirements for Egress Windows in Basements
Because basement windows are a way out, they must open from the inside. Any screens, grilles or bars need to be removable from the inside without keys or tools.
It’s also important that basement windows can fully open. The window sash shouldn’t obstruct the opening. This enables your family to quickly exit—or first responders to quickly enter.
Local requirements for basement windows may be different. Check with Annapolis building officials to learn more about area guidelines.
Choosing Basement Egress Windows
There are several styles of windows that work well for basements and satisfy building code requirements.
Casement windows are a good option for not a lot of wall space. These windows work like a door, swinging free to provide a spacious opening.
Casement windows open by using a handle. Pella® casement windows use a crank that folds away. That way, the crank won't disrupt window treatments.
This window must have at least 8 square feet of net opening.
Sliding windows are great for adding more light to big basements. These windows have to be bigger, because the opening is only half as wide as the window. This is due to the sash, which slides horizontally.
Sliding windows open by shifting the sash from left to right. Some Pella models have extra-durable tandem nylon rollers. These rollers deliver even smoother operation.
This window must have at least 16 square feet of net opening.
Talk with the Professionals at Pella of Annapolis
Basement escape windows are an essential for downstairs living spaces. They can be lifesaving equipment in an emergency. Meet with our professionals at Pella of Annapolis. We can help when you're redoing your basement.
We can also help you find the right window that matches your project, budget and local egress requirements.